Amazing Ancient Cities At The Bottom Of The Ocean
As the saying goes, "Nothing lasts forever" ... I suggest you familiarize yourself with interesting facts about the majestic cities of the world that have been completely absorbed by the ocean and now are in deep water. Read on for the most beautiful cities of antiquity, who were on the seabed.
1. Alexandria, founded by Alexander the Great in 331, the year BC. e., Egypt
In this city there are many magnificent buildings, including the palace of Cleopatra Island Antirodos, and neighborhoods - for example, the old town Rakotis. The city was razed to the ground by tidal waves and earthquakes over 1,200 years ago.
2. Heraklion, also known as the Tonys, founded in the VIII century BC. e., Egypt
These ruins were discovered in 2000 by a team from the European Institute of Maritime Archaeology. Before the founding of the city of Alexandria was the most important port in Egypt. He sank to the VIII century BC.
In Heraklion there was a temple of Amun, who played an important role in the ceremonies connected with the dynastic succession.
3. Canopus on the eastern outskirts of modern Alexandria
The first mention of the town date back to the VI-th century BC. e. Canopus was famous for its shrines of Osiris and Serapis. He discovered in 1933 by Prince Tucson.
4. Mystical stone structures in the waters near the island of Yonaguni, Japan, found a local diver in 1986
This 5000-year old city sunk by an earthquake two thousand years ago. It found an amazing monolithic step pyramid, or perhaps it's just the natural structure of sandstone?
The town also has the ruins of the castle, the five temples, triumphal arch and at least one large stadium. According to Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist at the University of Ryukyus, the objects were connected by roads and water channels.
5. Saeftinge in the south-west of the Netherlands, now known as the Sunken Earth Saeftinge
Land around the city went under water during the floods of All Saints in 1570, the year and the city disappeared under the waves in 1584, the year during the Eighty Years' War, when Dutch soldiers were forced to destroy the last pristine dams around the city.
6. Port Royal, founded in 1518, the year and destroyed by the earthquake, tsunami and fires in 1692, the year Jamaica
At this point, many of the English and Dutch privateers XVI-century liked to spend their treasures, and later the city became the main base of pirates. Earthquake 1692 year caused liquefaction of sand, and many of the buildings slid into the water, or simply dropped to the ground.
8. Pavlopetri, Greece
The city built five thousand years ago, was discovered by Nicholas Flemming in 1967, but every year, archaeologists are finding new building.
9. The Neolithic village of Atlit-Yam off the coast of Atlit, Israel
Town, now lying on the eight - twelve meters below sea level, is based at between 6900-m and 6300 m over the years BC. e. The city has a rectangular houses, wells and stone semicircle with seven megaliths up to 600 kg each. Also, the city found ten graves, including a woman with a child, who became victims of the earliest known cases of tuberculosis.
10. Lion City (Chi Cheng) at the bottom of the lake Qingdao, ChinaThe city was flooded in 1959, the year for the creation of an artificial lake and dam construction on the river Xian. All 290 thousand residents have been relocated to other places.
Chi Cheng was founded during the Han Dynasty (between the 25 th and 200 th year). In the VII-VIII-th and th centuries this place was a cultural, economic and political center, but now the city lies at a depth of 27-meters.
11. Samabah, lost Mayan city on the bottom of Lake Atitlan, found Roberto Samayoa Asmus in 1996, the year, GuatemalaLake Atitlan is the most important spiritual and wellness center in Guatemala for two thousand years. The first settlements on its banks appeared in 300, the year BC. e. With the 200-year BC. e. 200-Year n. e. there was a temple, now hidden under the water. In the sunken city found pottery and other artifacts.
Samabah went under water about 1,700 years ago, when the water level in the lake rose suddenly by 20 meters. Archaeologists think that the reason for this could be a volcanic eruption on the lake bottom, blocked the natural outflows of water.