Most Significant Archaeological Finds

Archeology is very tedious science and even can not imagine how unhappy archaeologists
may day and night to dig into the ground, moving closer and closer to their findings, millimeter by raking the ground special brushes, keep everything intact. I suggest you look in the continuation of the post top-10 most important and significant discoveries in science, which were made by archaeologists for the year 2012.

1st place: the ship of Pharaoh
Egyptologist Jan Tristant of Sydney University studied Reply frantsuschzskoy archaeological expedition Professor Pierre Monteux, which in 1914 explored the pharaohs near the town of Abu Ravash. Suddenly he noticed something strange: French archaeologist wrote
that the tomb was a wooden floor. It seemed strange - Before that in Egyptian tombs never vstrechalos wooden floors. He suggested that under the hardwood floors hiding something else. And sure enough - under the tomb was found ancient burial ship made in 2950 BC There were also ceramic vessels with beer and bread - apparently, it was not just a ship, a food convoy that accompanied the pharaoh in the kingdom of the dead.

2nd place: The treasure of Kiryat

This treasure trove of jewelry and coins were onaruzheny yard ordinary house in the town of Kiryat.
Apparently, these coins date back to the Bar Kochba revolt, which lasted from 132 to 135 years. BC
It is the oldest of gold coins found in Israel.
3rd place: The treasure-Hallanskie mummy

Two mummies of men and women were found in an ancient mine near the Scottish town of treasure-Hallan in 2001, but this year, archaeologists who examined the skeletons, came to the conclusion that this is the oldest European mummy - apparently These people have died around 1300 BC. e. - That is, about the same time as Tutankhamen. Archaeologists did not realize that the skeletons were originally mummies: their bodies were specially placed for a year in a peat bog for conservation.
After the body had apparently been placed in a room (and after a few hundred years they were buried - the reasons for this rite, seems remain unknown to us.) Further study of the remains led to another startling discovery: it appears that the male skeleton actually made ​​up of three bones of individuals. scientists today began to study women's skeleton, which, it seems, also made ​​up of the remains of different people - at least, set, that the skull of the mummy for 200 years older than the rest of the body.

4th place: first pots from China

Until recently it was believed that the appearance of the potter's wheel was about 10 thousand years ago - During the first Neolithic technology revolution. However, finding the pots in a cave, located in Jiangxi Province in south-east China, shows that this period should be increased at least two times - according to experts, these pots were made on a potter's wheel 19 000 years ago.
5th place: an ancient engraving vagina

This diagram, depicting, according to French archaeologists female external genitalia, not less than 37 thousand years. In the Chauvet cave was first parking Cro - ancestors of modern man.
And, as we can see, nothing human was alien to them.
6th place: Roman sandals

German archaeologists have found the remains of a Roman military camp near the city of Hermeskeil near Trier. But more importantly, the researchers found the remains of 75 of sandals used by the Roman legions - Until now, scientists have found almost no army boots.
7th place: Cemetery victims Uitzilopochtli

Templo Mayor (Great Temple or) - was one of the main temples of ancient Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, on the site of which is today Mexico City. Nahuatl called Ueuteokali temple was dedicated to two gods at once, - The god of war and Tlaloc Uitzilopochtli - god of rain and agriculture. And so, this year they have unearthed one of the cemeteries, where the victims were buried bloody rites more 1000 arm and leg bones, 45 skulls and jaws 250. Interestingly, that on top of this mess of bones lay complete skeleton - remains of a woman, which, apparently, was burned at the site, after which burial was filled up.
 8th place: the ancient poisons

French archaeologists who examined the Neanderthals in South Africa found sticks and primitive spearheads, smeared with poison - apparently this ancient in the world poison was prepared about 40 years ago tymyach.

9th: "kit of Neanderthal"

Archaeologist Karen Hardy of the Catalan Institute prepares produce radical change in our understanding of Neanderthals. After examining the remains of primitive people who lived near Spain 50,000 years ago, scientists noticed that remains stuck between the teeth, some food.
Experts analyzed the remains and concluded, that before the death of this Neanderthal chewed some medicinal plants - in particular, Scientists have identified the remains of chamomile and yarrow.
One can assume that this man had a stock of dried herbs original kit "just in case", and this is fundamentally changes our stereotypes about Neanderthals as great apes, are not capable of thinking activity.

10th: Mask of the Sun God

In the town of El-Socialist, in Guatemala, archaeologists during excavations Ancient Mayan pyramid El Diablo find a series of bas-reliefs depicting Sun God - all the masks show the different phases of the movement of the sun.